In 1915, the life of a policeman was bleak. In many communities they were forced to work 12 hour days, 365 days a year. Police officers didn’t like it, but there was little they could do to change their working conditions. There were no organizations to make their voices heard; no other means to make their grievances known.
This soon changed, thanks to the courage and wisdom of two Pittsburgh patrol officers. Martin Toole and Delbert Nagle knew they must first organize police officers, like other labor interests, if they were to be successful in making life better for themselves and their fellow police officers. They and 21 others “who were willing to take a chance” met on May 14, 1915, and held the first meeting of the Fraternal Order of Police. They formed Fort Pitt Lodge #1. They decided on this name due to the anti-union sentiment of the time. However, there was no mistaking their intentions. As they told their city mayor, Joe Armstrong, the FOP would be the means “to bring our aggrievances before the Mayor or Council and have many things adjusted that we are unable to present in any other way…we could get many things through our legislature that our Council will not, or cannot give us.”
And so it began, a tradition of police officers representing police officers. The Fraternal Order of Police was given life by two dedicated police officers determined to better their profession and those who choose to protect and serve our communities, our states, and our country. It was not long afterward that Mayor Armstrong was congratulating the Fraternal Order of Police for their “strong influence in the legislatures in various states,…their considerate and charitable efforts” on behalf of the officers in need and for the FOP’s “efforts at increasing the public confidence toward the police to the benefit of the peace, as well as the public.”
From that small beginning the Fraternal Order of Police began growing steadily. In 1917, the idea of a National Organization of Police Officers came about. Today, the tradition that was first envisioned 90 years ago lives on with more than 2,100 local lodges and more than 321,000 members in the United States. The Fraternal Order of Police has become the largest professional police organization in the country. The FOP continues to grow because we have been true to the tradition and continued to build on it. The Fraternal Order of Police are proud professionals working on behalf of law enforcement officers from all ranks and levels of government.
The Meaning of the Emblem of the F.O.P.
The five-cornered Star is found in the F.O.P.’s National Emblem and it reminds us of the allegiance we owe to our Flag and our Country. Midway between the points and center of the Star is a blue field, the recognized color of the police uniform and law enforcement service. The points are gold, which indicate the position under which we are now serving. The background is white, an unstained color representing purity – that nothing of a corrupt nature will breach our Order. Blue, Gold, and White are the proud colors of the Fraternal Order of Police.
On the three, uppermost points of the star, on a background of blue, are the letters “F-O-P”, the acronym for our organization, the “FRATERNAL ORDER of POLICE”. In the blue field on the lower, left-hand Point of the Star is the open eye – the symbol for vigilance, the ever-watchful eye for danger – which characterizes law enforcement’s protection of the public whether asleep or awake. In the blue field on the lower right-hand Point of the Star is the handclasp – the symbol for friendship.
The circle surrounding the Star midway characterizes our never-tiring, never-ceasing efforts to promote the welfare and advancement of the Order, and within its bounds we are a unified great and powerful unit. In a half-circle over the centerpiece is our Motto, written in Latin, “Jus Fides Libertatum”. “Jus” stands for Justice; “Fides” means Friendship; and, “Libertatum” is Equality. In the center of the Star is the seal of Fort Pitt, Pennsylvania. This is where the very first efforts were put forth to establish the Fraternal Order of Police.